Jared Diamond has clearly had a more interesting life than most of us, and spent significant amounts of time in a wide variety of different kinds of society, all over the world.
Both men were held, screaming with rage, until they seemed sufficiently exhausted to be released. Many people mistakenly assume that discussing history is just a way to explain away tough issues. This, in turn, led to the spread of more agricultural societies across the globe. Title[ edit ] The book's title is a reference to the means by which farm-based societies conquered populations of other areas and maintained dominance, despite sometimes being vastly outnumbered — superior weapons provided immediate military superiority guns ; Eurasian diseases weakened and reduced local populations, who had no immunity, making it easier to maintain control over them germs ; and durable means of transport steel enabled imperialism.
Thus, it was more likely that dark-colored moths would survive than light-colored moths. The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal part four.
Dvorak keyboard is one example. Bush has been working hard to try and smooth things out. In contrast, American farmers had to struggle to develop corn as a useful food from its probable wild ancestor, teosinte. In the s and s, the decisions of a few Chinese leaders resulted in the schools closing in the country for five years.
These economic and technological advantages eventually enabled Europeans to conquer the peoples of the other continents in recent centuries by using the guns and steel of the book's title. The Asian areas in which big civilizations arose had geographical features conducive to the formation of large, stable, isolated empires which faced no external pressure to change which led to stagnation.
Evidence seems to indicate that all people's are capable of food production and even modern hunter gatherers seem to be naturally moving that way. This is because the crop spread too slowly for one domestication to takeover the region.
Humanity has been on a clear path from small groups to larger ones, culminating in states, over the last few thousand years.
Even though some examples, like the Manhattan Project, exist. The Fates of Human Societies Book: Farming arose early in the Fertile Crescent since the area had an abundance of wild wheat and pulse species that were nutritious and easy to domesticate.
The combined effect of the increased population densities supported by agriculture, and of close human proximity to domesticated animals leading to animal diseases infecting humans, resulted in European societies acquiring a much richer collection of dangerous pathogens to which European people had acquired immunity through natural selection see the Black Death and other epidemics during a longer time than was the case for Native American hunter-gatherers and farmers.
It is not that these countries, so rich in species, do not by a strange chance possess the aboriginal stocks of any useful plants, but that the native plants have not been improved by continued selection up to a standard of perfection comparable with that given to the plants in countries anciently civilised.
But New Guinea never developed centralised states and agriculture never crossed the Torres Strait. Diamond identifies a mere 14 domesticated large mammal species worldwide.
To a non-specialist, the account of human prehistory presented here seems plausible and well-founded - the argument is that, as homo sapiens evolved in Africa and migrated to colonise first Asia, then Europe, then Australia, and finally the Americas, so a technical progression from hunting to settled agriculture, and a societal progression from warring bands to complex sedentary civilisations took place largely determined by the environmental conditions in which different branches of the same species found themselves.
As early Western Asian civilizations began to trade, they found additional useful animals in adjacent territories, most notably horses and donkeys for use in transport. Still others, he says, "have been decimated, subjugated, and in some cases even exterminated by European colonialists.
The same is true for many large mammals that occupied the Americas over 10, years ago. He was turned down by four different kingdoms before finally convincing the king and queen of Spain to fund his trip.
The favorable geography of the Europe and Asia landmass resulted in much faster agricultural and technological expansion. They also suggest irresistible comparisons with events nearer home. While this is a program that I have a lot of sympathy with, it also leads me to some of the qualms I have about Guns, Germs and Steel: Such meetings are frightening events since murder and revenge-killings are a common occurrence that had led to the reduction of the tribe from over 2, to within living memory.
The seeds of wild wheat were not just big and easy to gather, they delivered the best nourishment. But for Europe and Asia, the primary axis is east-west. While there appear to be many others which could have been domesticated especially in Africathey have behavioural traits which militate against it.
The crucial trap for the development of agriculture is the availability of wild edible plant species suitable for domestication. However, it was quite difficult for things to spread to the Americas because of large oceans and the only close landmass being in cold climates and at high latitudes unsuitable for farming.Inten years after calling agriculture The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race, Jared Diamond came out with Guns, Germs, and agronumericus.com’s become a landmark, best-seller book that would win the Pulitzer Prize and be filmed by National Geographic for PBS.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13, years) is a transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
The book Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond is a well, but not thoroughly, researched work that attempts to concisely compile and analyze the myriad of variables responsible for 4/5(). A book seeking to answer such questions would have to add a fourth totem of Western progress to its title and be called, perhaps, Guns, Germs, Steel and Coca-Cola.
Summary and Analysis of Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies: Based on the Book by Jared Diamond (Smart Summaries) Worth Books out of 5 stars /5(K).
A book seeking to answer such questions would have to add a fourth totem of Western progress to its title and be called, perhaps, Guns, Germs, Steel and Coca-Cola.Download