6 storage and file structures

Under normal circumstances, you should not need to create additional temporary tablespaces.

Database storage structures

This page lets you set monitored thresholds for space usage. Also consider that the number of datafiles, and how and where they are allocated can affect the performance of your database. While Oracle automatically tunes the undo retention period, low threshold undo retention lets you define the floor value under which Oracle should never bring down the undo retention.

You can either specify the file specifications for the datafiles being created, or you can use the Oracle Managed Files feature to create files that are created and managed by the database server.

The amount of space available in the undo tablespace should, therefore, be at least large enough to hold the active undo data generated by currently active transactions.

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Read Write Users can read and write to the tablespace after it is created. Even after the transaction has been committed, the undo data still cannot be overwritten immediately to ensure the success of Flashback functionality, and for read consistency for long running transactions.

Oracle Enterprise Manager includes an Undo Advisor to help you determine the optimal size. By default, Oracle Database sets all newly created tablespaces to be locally managed with automatic segment management, a feature that further improves performance.

Temporary tablespaces are for storing temporary segments, as would be created when SQL statements perform sorts. Oracle Database Concepts for more information about undo tablespaces Tablespace Status You can set tablespace status as follows: Under normal circumstances, you should not need to create additional temporary tablespaces.

However, if you select Use bigfile tablespace, then the tablespace can have only one datafile. The undo retention period should be at least as long as your longest running query. Click the Thresholds property page.

Here you can alter your space thresholds that generate the warning and critical alerts. For more information about this page, see "Viewing and Modifying Initialization Parameters". This exercise will also familiarize you with the various attributes that you can set, and possibly later modify, for a tablespace.

Tablespace encryption is completely transparent to your applications, so no application modification is necessary. For example, you might need to create additional tablespaces for users or applications, or you might want to create additional redo log groups to expand the redo log capacity.

A rollback operation can be the result of a user who wants to undo the changes of a misguided or unintentional transaction, or it can be part of a recovery operation.

Click the Storage property page. Auto-tuning of undo retention cannot be disabled. Undo A database running in automatic undo management mode transparently creates and manages undo data in the undo tablespace. See online help for more information on these settings. Oracle lets you reclaim wasted space through a shrink operation.

Oracle recommends a backup before and after dropping a tablespace.

Database storage structures

See Chapter 10, "Monitoring and Tuning the Database" for more information about monitoring the database. When you plan to use Flashback features to recover from user errors such as unintentional changes.

This password file is outside of the database itself, thereby enabling the authentication of a DBA when the database is not yet started. The length of time that Oracle keeps undo data in the unexpired state depends on your tablespace configuration.

Oracle Database uses undo data to roll back transactions, to provide read consistency, to help with database recovery, and to enable features such as Oracle Flashback Query. Setting Minimum Undo Retention Time If you are using the Flashback Query or Flashback Table feature and need to configure a flashback recovery strategy to go back in time, then configure the minimum undo retention as follows: You can specify a maximum size for an autoextending data file.

Or, if you want to create a tablespace that is like an existing tablespace, select an existing tablespace. See "Viewing and Modifying Initialization Parameters". You would probably not create a tablespace as read-only, but rather change it to that status after you have written data to it that you do not want modified.

Otherwise, some of these transactions might fail.Chapter 6: Managing Database Storage Structures Back to Lesson List Purpose. In this chapter you will learn how to use Enterprise Manager to explore the structure of your database.

In addition, you will learn how to make a number of changes to your database storage structure. Enter a file name in the File Name field on the Add Datafiles. Database storage structures. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This requires periodic reorganization if file is very volatile (changed frequently) Advantages versatile data structure – sequential as well as random access; access is fast; supports exact, range, part key and pattern matches efficiently.

6 Chapter 10 Storage and File Structure bits. Note that we don’t need to access the bitmaps at all unless the usage crosses a boundary, so. Sep 08,  · Lecture - 10 Storage Structures nptelhrd. Loading Unsubscribe from nptelhrd? File Systems 2: File Allocation - Duration:.

Database Questions and Answers – Storage Structure

6 Managing Database Storage Structures. This chapter discusses using Enterprise Manager to explore and manage the storage structures of your database. This chapter contains the following topics: A control file tracks the physical components of the database. It is.

Tertiary Storage 5. File Organization 6. Organization of Records in Files 7. Data Dictionary/Catalog Storage 8. DB Buffer. structures designed for efficient access, in memory If multiple indices, this can be multi-valued, so the dictionary DB is not even in 1NF!

6 storage and file structures
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